medicine research

medicine research

Cancer of the oral mucosa: how to recognize and get rid of it in time?

Cancer of the oral mucosa: how to recognize and get rid of it in time?

Oral cancer is a dangerous disease that can spread to neighboring organs and tissues. But with early diagnosis, this type of oncology responds well to treatment. Usually, a tumor is detected by a dentist during a visit to him with complaints about the unsatisfactory condition of the gums and other tissues of the oral cavity. However, the patient himself is capable of suspecting its development.

Oral cancer types
At the very beginning of development, a tumor is a small sore that can hurt, bleed and cause other discomfort. If you do not immediately pay attention to the symptoms of oral cancer, the disease progresses rapidly and gives metastases. There are several types of pathology:

Knotty. The disease is a lining on the mucous membrane that can rapidly increase in size.
Ulcerative is the most common form. At first, it is a painful ulcer that does not heal for a long time and begins to increase in size.
Papillary – is a hanging seal.
Early signs of oral cancer can be overlooked, confusing them with other pathologies. It should be alerted that the seal or ulcer does not heal for a long time, causes pain and increases in size.

Most often, this type of oncology is diagnosed in people who smoke, chew tobacco, abuse alcohol, have chronic inflammatory pathologies of the oral cavity, or suffer from leukoplakia. Also, the reasons for the development of oral cancer include:

incorrectly selected or incorrectly installed prosthesis;
untreated dental diseases;
frequent mechanical damage to the oral mucosa;
decreased immunity and a history of human papillomavirus infection.
Oral cancer diagnostics

The following options are used to screen for oral cancer https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oral_cancer:

Visual examination and palpation of the neoplasm. This allows you to determine how much the tumor has grown into adjacent tissues.
X-rays are taken to determine if the tumor has grown into the bone.
A biopsy is prescribed to confirm the malignant nature of the formation.
Cytology is suitable for diagnosing small lesions.
CT is performed to determine the shape, size, localization of the formation, the presence of metastases.
Oral Cancer Treatment
For the treatment of cancer of the floor of the mouth, oncologists use different methods:

Surgical removal of the tumor. In this case, only the movable part of the neoplasm can be removed, or the bone tissue can be excised additionally. Since this type of oncology often metastases to the lymph nodes, the surgeon can also remove them if he considers their condition unsatisfactory. The amount of surgery depends on the stage, size of the tumor, and other factors.
Radiation therapy for oral cancer. The technique can be used independently with a small education or accompany a surgical operation.
Chemotherapy is based on the use of drugs with anticancer effects. Suitable for the treatment of squamous cell carcinoma of the oral cavity.