Melanoma is an aggressive malignant neoplasm that affects the skin, mucous membranes and even the retina of the eye. Melanoma is characterized by frequent relapses and metastasis, as it has a weak response from the body.
Melanoma occurs from melanocytes – cells that contain the pigment melanin, from which, in turn, moles are formed. Melanoma progresses rapidly and asymptomatically.
Symptoms of the initial stage of melanoma
Melanoma is one of the most dangerous and aggressive tumors, which in 90% of cases affects the skin. Therefore, the most effective way to combat this disease is to identify it at an early stage of development.
Melanoma is a visible tumor, so you should periodically examine your moles yourself. Have they changed color, shape, size, volume? If you have any suspicions, you should immediately consult a doctor.
Understanding the seriousness of the situation and knowing how melanoma behaves at an early stage can save lives.
Melanoma in the initial stage is different:
Lack of hairline.
More than 5 mm in size.
Also, a subcutaneous node can be palpable under the spot, and the place of melanoma localization can itch.
If you have identified at least a few symptoms of the pathological development of a mole, contact a specialist urgently.
A photo of melanoma in the first stage shows that the neoplasm is localized only in the epidermis, so it is easy to confuse it with an ordinary age spot, mole, and often not even notice.
Initially, the pigment spot diameter does not exceed 1 mm. Melanoma at the first stage does not have peeling, ulcers, specific color and does not bleed.
That is why it is so difficult to suspect this serious illness.
Therefore, if you find yourself with a suspicious mole, urgently contact oncologists, since surgical removal of melanoma at an early stage is a guaranteed chance of recovery.
How is melanoma diagnosed at an early stage?
If at least a few main symptoms of melanoma were detected during a visual examination, then appropriate measures must be taken immediately. In order to diagnose melanoma at the initial stage, it is necessary to sign up for a consultation with an oncodermatologist who will conduct:
Visual examination, take anamnesis.
Examines the birthmark with a highly technical device – a dermatoscope.
When the diagnosis of melanoma is confirmed, surgical intervention is performed, which consists in wide excision of the tumor.
Is it possible to cure melanoma at the first stage
Melanoma is an extremely dangerous and aggressive form of tumors, therefore, the earlier the examination is carried out, the more favorable the prognosis of the disease. Only early diagnosis and treatment of melanoma are the most effective methods of dealing with it.
Treatments for early melanoma
Surgical intervention is the main treatment for melanoma at any stage.
The operation involves a layer-by-layer excision of the tumor along with the surrounding skin, subcutaneous tissue and underlying fascia. At later stages, chemotherapy, immunotherapy are used. The latter is the most effective. These methods of therapy do not allow to cure melanoma, but their use can slow down the process of tumor development and reduce its size.
Melanoma treatment prognosis
The longer the disease lasts, the lower the survival rate of patients. Therefore, it is very important to diagnose melanoma at an early stage of the disease, since only timely treatment will help increase the chances of recovery.